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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_nlist() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 420

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_nlist() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 420

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_nlist() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 420

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_nlist() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 420

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_nlist() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 420

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

Warning: ftp_pwd() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/customer/www/afrotechtalk.com/public_html/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 230

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Afro Tech Talk xBENIN: L’environnement des startups africaines: leadership privé ou gouvernemental ? – Afro Tech Talk

Afro Tech Talk xBENIN: L’environnement des startups africaines: leadership privé ou gouvernemental ?

http://startupnews.africa/2020/01/28/lenvironnement-des-startups-africaines-leadership-prive-ou-gouvernemental/

De plus en plus, le paysage technologique africain attire l’attention du monde entier comme jamais auparavant. En 2019, le PDG de Twitter, Jack Dorsey, et le fondateur d’Alibaba, Jack Ma, ont tous deux visité le continent. Dans un contexte marqué par une augmentation rapide de la création des startups sur le continent africain, la question du décollage et de la mise à échelle des startups se pose avec acuité. Qui doit impulser le mouvement pour l’essor de l’écosystème de l’entrepreneuriat africain ? La question a été au cœur des discussions lors d’une causerie organisée ce 15 janvier 2020 à Cotonou par la startup béninoise Etrilabs. Plusieurs grands noms ont participé à ce débat.

Rendre l’environnement des startups favorable et attractif grâce à un statut particulier

Arel Zannou, président du patronat des startups du Bénin souligne que

l’intervention des gouvernements est indispensable. Déjà les startups n’ont pas les mêmes contraintes que les entreprises traditionnelles. Cela justifie la nécessité de les doter d’un statut à part.

Comme exemple, la « Tunisie Startup Act » offre divers avantages aux entrepreneurs et investisseurs, matérialisant ainsi l’engagement du gouvernement tunisien à créer un cadre favorable à l’éclosion de l’innovation. En effet, les mesures d’incitation prévues par la loi tunisienne sur la création d’entreprises comprennent une exonération d’impôt pour un maximum de 8 ans,un salaire pour un maximum de 3 fondateurs etc. Il s’agit d’une réforme sur la manière dont les pays africains pourraient créer un environnement favorable aux innovateurs.

A l’instar de la Tunisie, le Sénégal a un écosystème favorable aux startups. Le pays a récemment adopté le deuxième “Startup Act” d’Afrique qui aménage un cadre attractif pour le développement des startups, ainsi qu’un régime juridique adapté pour l’enregistrement et la labellisation des startups sénégalaises. Cette loi est également accompagnée par la mise en place de plusieurs mesures d’allègements fiscaux et la création d’un centre de ressources dédié aux start-ups sénégalaises. Plusieurs autres pays comme le Mali, le Ghana, le Rwanda sont en lice pour prendre des mesures similaires afin de  favoriser l’émergence de l’entrepreneuriat en faveur des jeunes.

Revenant sur le cas du Bénin, Ariel Zannou estime que

« les préoccupations de l’innovation technologique des jeunes ne peuvent être confiées à un seul département ministériel. Etant donné qu’elles recouvrent des réalités transversales, il serait plus indiqué de mettre en place une structure spécialement dédié à cet objectif et intégrant des compétences de divers horizons ».

Qui pour impulser le décollage de l’écosystème africain ?

Au-delà d’un simple rôle normatif, les gouvernements doivent se montrer volontaristes. Le modèle rwandais est inspirant à ce point de vue. Il serait hasardeux de miser sur des acteurs privés, car, il faut le reconnaître, l’Afrique compte peu de mécènes volontaires pour parrainer les initiatives dans la tech.

Ulrich Sossou, le Steve Jobs béninois explique que

« le financement gouvernemental ne garantit pas la viabilité à long terme de l’écosystème. Pour assurer la durabilité, il est préférable de compter sur la multiplication des initiatives comme EtriLabs et l’engagement d’acteurs privés. L’exemple du Rwanda qu’on cite à loisir serait l’arbre qui cache la forêt. »

« Au Bénin, le gouvernement  prend des mesures, et qu’en plus du ministère de l’économie numérique, beaucoup d’autres structures travaillent ensemble à faire de l’essor technologique une réalité dans notre pays »

se réjouit Bleck Yoro, Assistant du Ministre du Numérique et de la Digitalisation au Bénin.

Pour sa part, Rodrigue Fouafou, bâtisseur de l’écosystème Startup Africain et acteur de la Chambre de Commerce de la Diaspora Africaine a un point de vue conciliant qui vient équilibrer les positions. Il se réjouit de l’enthousiasme des jeunes, signe que les choses vont évoluer dans le bon sens pour les Africains. Il insiste sur la nécessité de fédérer toutes les énergies.

Les différents acteurs de l’écosystème des startups estiment toutefois que de nombreux défis restent à relever pour transformer pleinement l’environnement des affaires et l’écosystème de l’entrepreneuriat du pays.

 

StartupNews.Africa